A few days ago I posted the build instructions for a project of mine: WinDIY a 3D printed wind turbine.
Even though I still have some work to do, most of the functions of WinDIY already work. What unfortunately did not work yet is the main purpose of a wind turbine: generating energy.
Because the generator I have installed in WinDIY does not fit to the expected speeds of the wind turbine. While the generator delivers approx. 30W from approx. 20 revolutions per second(!), the wind turbine would probably be destroyed at this number of revolutions.
I guess I'll have to invest a few more hours at the workbench here 🙂 .
Since the generator works in principle, however, and there may also be scenarios to which it could fit, I want to present it here anyway. At least some tips for the development of your own generator should come out of it. 🙂
And why "Nerdiskerator" anyway? This nickname of the disk generator comes from "NERdiys DISK genERATOR"= Nerdiskerator. 🙂
- Disc generator, which consists largely of 3D printable parts
- The stator contains 12 manually or automatically wound coils
- The coils are potted with epoxy resin in the stator
- Two rotor discs with 20 neodymium magnets each
- Each rotor disc is supported by a ball bearing
- Three NTCs are also potted in the stator to monitor the temperature in the stator windings
Below are a few pictures of various components from different stages of development.
I have documented the development and the individual difficulties for the most part on Hackaday.io. You can find the link here 🙂
Besides WinDIY, Nerdiskerator also has a few security features.
Three NTCs are encapsulated in this to monitor the coil temperature in the stator. Of course, this should not be too high, because the filament used can then become soft.
So that these sensors can be read and reacted to, some electronics is of course necessary. For this purpose I started with the development of a circuit board, on which all necessary components are accommodated.
You will find more information soon here on Nerdiy.de.
The following components have been installed on it so far:
- Three-way bridge rectifier
- Step-down controller
- Three independent charging circuits for one LiPo cell each
- Three I2C motor drivers to control the motors of the brake actuator and the pitch actuator
- various current and voltage sensors to measure the generated and consumed energy
- Connections for two Hall sensors for measuring the generator speed
- Connections for three slide resistors to be able to measure the positions of the pitch actuator and the brake cylinders
- Connections for two force sensors to be able to measure the contact pressure of the brake cylinders
- Connections for four NTCs to be able to measure the temperatures of the generator windings as well as the load resistance.
- Connection to be able to discharge the rectified voltage to a load
- Connection and electronics to be able to connect a load resistor PWM-controlled.
- Vibration sensor to detect abnormal vibrations
- two temperature sensors to monitor the temperatures on the PCB
- an electronic compass
- one micro-SD card slot
- a climate sensor for measuring the ambient temperature, humidity and air pressure
The software is developed using the Arduino IDE. You can find the current state in the Nerdiy-Git under the following link: